ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sun Aug 08, 2010 4:24 pm

US employment falls for second month in a row

U.S. employment fell for a second straight month in July as more temporary census jobs ended while private hiring rose less than expected, pointing to an anemic economic recovery.

Non-farm payrolls fell 131,000, the Labor Department said on Friday as temporary jobs to conduct the decennial census dropped by 143,000. Private employment, considered a better gauge of labor market health, rose 71,000 after increasing 31,000 in June.

In addition, the government revised payrolls for May and June to show 97,000 fewer jobs than previously reported.

Analysts polled by Reuters had forecast overall employment falling 65,000 and private-sector hiring increasing 90,000.

"We're seeing an economy that's moving ahead slowly but not creating net on balance a lot of new jobs, and it points to continued expectations the economic slowdown we've seen will probably extend another two to three months, if not longer," said Fred Dickson, chief market strategist at The Davidson Cos. in Lake Oswego, Oregon.

U.S. stock index futures turned negative after the report, while Treasury debt prices erased earlier losses. The U.S. dollar fell against the euro and the yen.

The unemployment rate was unchanged at 9.5 percent in July, just below market expectations for a rise to 9.6 percent. The steady jobless rate largely reflected a drop in the labor force as discouraged workers gave up the search for jobs.

Job growth has taken a step back after fairly strong gains between February and April, putting in jeopardy the economy's recovery from its worst downturn since the 1930s.

Growing unease over the health of the economy is weighing on President Barack Obama's popularity and hurting the Democratic Party's prospects of keeping control of Congress in November's mid-term elections.

The state of the labor market is one of the factors that will determine the timing of the Federal Reserve's first interest rate rise since reducing overnight lending rates to near zero in December 2008.

Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke has said the U.S. central bank could take steps to further ease monetary policy if the recovery were to falter.

The central bank holds its next policy-setting meeting on Tuesday and the employment report is likely to keep debate alive on whether more easing is needed.

Economic growth slowed to a 2.4 percent annual rate in the second quarter after expanding at a 3.7 percent pace in the first three months of this year.

Workweek, wages increase

There were some positive elements in the report. The average workweek edged up to 34.2 hours after slipping to 34.1 hours in June. Employers normally increase working hours for existing staff before hiring additional workers.
Average hourly earnings increased by four cents to $22.59 last month.

"Average hourly earnings, our only monthly proxy of wages, rose 0.2 percent after a distressing no gain in June," said Cary Leahey, economist at Decision Economics in New York.

"Add that together and it suggests that the liftoff point for GDP is not that bad for the third quarter. No one will lower their GDP forecast for the third quarter based on this
report."
Despite the tepid private sector jobs growth, the pace of layoffs has moderated significantly from the first quarter of last year, when employers were culling an average of 752,000 jobs a month.

Last month, the dominant service sector added 38,000 jobs after June's 34,000 gain. More disturbing, temporary help services, seen as a harbinger of future permanent hiring, fell 5,600 after increasing 11,200. Temporary employment gains had averaged 45,000 per month from October 2009 to May.

State and local governments, struggling with huge budget deficits, purged more workers last month, combining with mass layoffs of temporary federal census workers to push government payrolls down by 202,000 compared to a 252,000 drop in June.

Payrolls in the goods-producing sector unexpectedly rose in July, reversing the prior month's decline as manufacturing employment was boosted by auto makers who did not shut down their plants in July for retooling. Manufacturing jobs increased 36,000 after gaining 13,000 in June.

The sector is leading the economic recovery, which started in the second half of 2009. However, construction employment fell 11,000. A strike in the sector reduced construction payrolls by 10,000 last month.

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Mon Aug 09, 2010 3:08 pm




Duchess of York attempts to avoid bankruptcy


The Duchess of York is doing "everything she can" to avoid bankruptcy, her spokesman has said.
Sarah Ferguson is believed to owe around £2m in business debts.

Her spokesman said the situation was "being managed", with all her personal debts having been paid off, but bankruptcy was "an option".

The comments came after a report in the Sunday Telegraph suggested the duchess owed around £5m in both personal and business debt.

The Sunday Telegraph also suggested the state of her finances had caused the Queen to be "deeply concerned" and said at least one key Royal adviser believed bankruptcy was now the best option.

But her spokesman dismissed the figures as "significantly" exaggerated.

'Cash-for-access'

"The only debts she has are business debts, some of which are disputed. All her personal debts have been paid," he said.

"There is a number of options open to the duchess of which bankruptcy is one. But it would be premature to say she is going into bankruptcy as the situation is being managed."

The duchess went public with her financial problems in May after being caught in a "cash-for-access" scandal.

She was filmed accepting money from a News of the World reporter - posing as a business tycoon - in exchange for an introduction to her ex-husband, Prince Andrew.

During a subsequent interview with US chat show queen Oprah Winfrey, the former royal owned up to being "substantially" in debt, but would not say by how much.

Sarah Ferguson married Prince Andrew in 1986 and the couple had two daughters, Beatrice in 1988 and Eugenie in 1990.

Although they separated in 1992 and divorced in 1996, she and their daughters later moved back into a wing of the former marital home and maintain a close relationship with the Duke of York.

Prince Andrew's role as UK trade envoy involves promoting British business at home and overseas.

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 12, 2010 2:38 pm

Bank of England Predicts Unsteady Economic Recovery for Britain

The head of the Bank of England says economic recovery will be choppy, and lowered the forecast for Britain's economic growth. Inflation is expected to remain higher than previously forecast until the end of 2011. World markets dipped on the news, which came after the U.S. Federal Reserve downgraded its growth forecast.

In his quarterly inflation report, the head of the Bank of England, Mervyn King, revised the bank's previous outlook prediction. "Inflation is now expected to remain above the two percent target until the end of 2011, significantly longer than predicted in May," said King.

The forecast for Britain's economic growth was cut back as well, in part, because of government cutbacks announced in June. The banking sector has also been criticized by analysts and government officials for what they say is a reluctance by the banks to lend.

King also says credit conditions are not easing as quickly as the Bank of England had expected. "It will take many years for bank balance sheets and fiscal positions to return to anything like normal," he said. "In the meantime, they will act as headwinds on recovery."

"But continuing monetary stimulus and the earlier depreciation of sterling will act as tailwinds. Looking ahead, the U.K. economy is facing a major rebalancing away from private and public consumption and towards net exports. Achieving that rebalancing while confronting those headwinds is likely to mean a choppy recovery," he added.

The announcement in London came on the heels of similar predictions by the U.S. Federal Reserve on Tuesday. David Jones, chief strategist at investment firm IG Index, says the global message is clear. "It has confirmed that the recovery really is fragile, and there are going to be potentially some quite frightening dips along the way," he said.

But dips, he says, do not necessarily mean a worldwide recession. "I do think at the moment we are going to see steady growth, but we are going to have to take it on a quarter-by-quarter basis," said Jones. "But I don't think we have to worry about slipping back into recession just yet."

In Britain housing prices and consumer confidence have dipped. Unemployment figures fell in the three months ending in June, a positive sign, although long-term unemployment remains high.

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 12, 2010 10:12 pm

World markets falter on US recovery fears

AFP - World markets were thrown into turmoil as investors worried that US growth -- a key engine of the global economy -- is coming coughing and spluttering to a halt.

Investors from New York to Tokyo poured money into safer assets after the Federal Reserve warned the US recovery would be "more modest" than expected.

In an effort to bolster market confidence the central bank on Tuesday announced a return to crisis-era stimulus spending. But the policy shift was seen more like a plumb line that revealed the depths of the Fed's concerns.

"Investors are now rightly questioning the strength and sustainability of the recovery," said Joseph LaVorgna, Deutsche Bank's chief US economist.

And question they did. In New York the benchmark Dow index of 30 leading companies fell around 2.5 percent, its worst drop in nearly a month.

Individual US companies shed millions of dollars in value, continuing a downward trend seen in Asian and European bourses earlier in the day.

"Global equity markets were pummeled," said Sam Stovall of Standard & Poor's Equity Research, pointing to gloomy US trade data that darkened the mood further.

The US Commerce Department reported that imports to the United States increased by three percent in June, draining billions of dollars out of the US economy.

"This is spectacularly terrible," said Ian Shepherdson of High Frequency Economics, explaining that rising imports will eat into already anemic domestic growth.

That was enough to prompt analysts to slash growth forecasts across the board.

Deutsche Bank's LaVorgna predicted US growth in this quarter would be limited to three percent, well down from the 4.6 percent previously forecast and raising doubts that sky-high unemployment can be trimmed soon.

Other economists made similar calls, slashing past estimates as well as predictions running deep into next year.

It is "bad news for real GDP growth in the US, which will be further reduced by the effects of rising imports," said Christopher Cornell of Moody's Economy.com.

News from China and Europe did little to settle nerves.

In China, key indicators showed the world's third-largest economy was slowing after the government moved to wind back massive stimulus spending, close inefficient factories, and curb soaring property prices and bank lending.

Analysts said the data added to mounting evidence that the Chinese economy was losing steam as the government aims to avoid overheating in the red-hot economy.

"I think the picture is pretty clear that the entire economy is slowing," Ken Peng, a Beijing-based economist for Citigroup, told AFP.

In London, the Bank of England cut its economic growth forecasts, predicting gross domestic product (GDP) growth would average about three percent over the next three years.

That was lower than the previous estimate of between 3.0-4.0 percent in May, owing partly to the impact of the government's recent austerity budget that was aimed at slashing the public deficit.

"The onslaught of negative news prompted a worldwide sell-off," said Elizabeth Harrow of Schaeffer's Investment Research.

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 26, 2010 3:20 pm

Irish debt downgrade raises fears of international deflation spiral
By Sean O'Grady, Economics Editor

The colossal expense of rescuing Ireland's troubled banking sector has hit the republic's international credit rating once again.

Despite an apparently successful austerity programme and drive to reduce government borrowing, Standard & Poor's yesterday cut its credit rating on Irish sovereign debt by one notch, from AA to AA-. It reflects renewed concerns about the cost to the public finances of supporting failed banks and building societies.

The news helped to push already unsettled international markets lower, as did disappointing news from the US real-estate sector, where new home sales dropped to an all-time low in July.

Irish government securities were marked sharply lower, in an uncomfortable echo of the sovereign debt crises that rocked the eurozone in May.

The additional premium that investors are demanding to hold Irish debt over its German equivalent soared to 346 basis points, the highest level for three months.

A statement from S&P read: "The projected fiscal cost to the Irish government of supporting the Irish financial sector has increased significantly above our prior estimates.

"We are therefore lowering our long-term sovereign credit rating on the Republic of Ireland to 'AA-' from 'AA'.

"The negative outlook reflects our view that a further downgrade is possible if the fiscal cost of supporting the banking sector rises further, or if other adverse economic developments weaken the government's ability to meet its medium-term fiscal objectives."

Specifically, S&P argues that the costs associated with Anglo Irish Bank will push Ireland's net national debt toward 113 per cent of GDP in 2012, well above the European norm.

S&P has increased its estimate of the cumulative total cost to the Irish government of providing support to the banking sector from about €80bn (£65bn) to €90bn.

The Irish authorities reacted angrily. John Corrigan, the chief executive of the National Treasury Management Agency, said: "It's a bit like waking up the patient in the middle of an operation to tell him he's not feeling well.

"We know the situation is pretty painful but we have to get to the end of the operation, which will be in December."

The Irish Treasury has refused to put a final price tag on its bank rescues before the year end, because the new state-owned "bad bank" will only then have completed its purchase of toxic assets from the financial sector. Markets are unhappy with that approach.

The S&P downgrade of Ireland to AA- levels the rating to the same as that of rival Fitch, and one lower than rival Moody's, which downgraded Ireland last month because of the growth outlook and public finances.

The danger – also faced by Spain and Greece – is that the very austerity programmes designed to solve the budget deficit may actually make matters worse by raising unemployment and depressing tax revenues, creating a vicious deflationary circle.

Critics of the UK's Coalition Government also point to these examples to illustrate the downside of deficit reduction. The IMF said in May that Ireland might have to make even deeper budget cuts if her growth is slower than anticipated.

A simultaneous international fiscal retrenchment, as now, adds to the dilemmas faced by governments.

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Re: ข่าวต่างประเทศน่าจับตามอง

ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Fri Sep 03, 2010 11:08 pm


Unemployed people use computers to search for jobs as well as telephones to seek out unemployment insurance benefits at the Nevada Job Connect Career Center in Las Vegas, 01 Sep 2010

US Unemployment Rate Rises

The U.S. unemployment rate rose slightly in August, but non-government private employers had a net gain of 67,000 jobs.

Friday's closely watched report from the Labor Department says the jobless rate rose one-tenth of a percent to hit 9.6 percent.

The overall economy, including government workers, had a net loss of 54,000 jobs. But economists say that figure is misleading because it includes thousands of temporary employees hired to conduct the census were fired as their work was finished.

Government figures show there are just under 15 million people are counted as officially unemployed in the United States. More than one-third of that number have been jobless for 27 weeks or longer.

Nearly nine million more people who are counted as employed are doing part-time work because they have been unable to find a full-time job.

VOA News

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