China ,to maintain a strong military.

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Re: China ,to maintain a strong military.

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Jul 20, 2010 3:20 pm

New nuclear plant to land in Guangxi

China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Corp will start work on a nuclear power plant in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region later this month.

Guangxi Investment Group will partner China Guangdong in the Fangchenggang Nuclear Power Station. The State Council gave the green light for the project on July 15, according to Lou Yun, a China Guangdong spokesman.

The new plant will have six pressurized water reactors with an installed capacity of about 1,000 megawatts (mW) each, said Lou. However, he refused to divulge any further details or the actual amount the company is investing in the project.

Lou indicated that the first phase of the project may cost around 24 billion yuan and the localization rate will be around 80 percent.

Two pressurized water reactors will be installed in the first phase, and one will be ready for commercial operation by 2015 and the second by 2016. The two reactors are expected to generate 15 billion kilowatts hours (kWh) of power every year.

"China is stepping up construction of nuclear plants and in the future each province may have a facility of its own. Hence it is natural that the company is building a plant in the southeast region," said Lin Boqiang, director of the Center of China Energy Economics Research at Xiamen University.

The project is part of the 23 key projects that are expected to promote the development of the economically underdeveloped western areas.

Lin said currently most of the power produced in Guangxi is coal- and hydro-based as the region lacks wind and solar resources.

China has recently embarked on a plan to increase the use of non-fossil energy to 15 percent of primary energy consumption by 2020.

At present there are around 11 nuclear reactors that generate about 9.1 gigawatts of power and account for about 1 percent of the total capacity in China.

Lin, however, ruled out the possibility of uranium price hikes in the short term as a result of the nuclear reactor initiative. "Prices of uranium will firm up in the long term as expansion plans of China and other countries would continue to fuel demand," Lin said.

However, it would take at least five or six years for the planned projects to be completed, thus having little impact on uranium prices in the short term, he said.

The Guangxi reactor will also help cut pollution by reducing energy consumption, analysts said. The first phase of the Fangchengang project will cut coal consumption by 6 million tons, carbon dioxide emissions by about 14.8 million tons, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide by 136,400 tons compared with coal-fired power plants of a similar scale.

Source: China Daily


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Re: China ,to maintain a strong military.

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Jul 20, 2010 4:54 pm

Pakistan defends civilian nuclear cooperation with China

Pakistan on Monday defended its civilian nuclear cooperation with China to build two nuclear reactors and said the plants will be open to the inspection of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  
Speaking at a joint press conference with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton after their strategic dialogue, Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said there should be no fear about the safety of the nuclear power plants as Pakistan has 35 years of nuclear experience and there has been no untoward incident.
  
Qureshi said Pakistan is facing energy crisis, citing six to eight hours of power outage in urban areas and 10 to 12 hours in rural areas.
  
The energy crisis has badly affected the country's economic and agricultural sectors, the minister said, adding that the Pakistani government has embarked on plans to fill the energy gap, including building nuclear power for civilian use.
  
In late June, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said the civilian nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan is for peaceful purposes and such cooperation is based on equality and mutual benefit.
  
The cooperation fully complies with the two countries' respective international obligations and is subject to the supervision of the IAEA, the spokesman said.

Xinhua

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Jul 22, 2010 10:37 am

China starts up first fourth generation nuclear reactor

Chinese scientists have succeeded in testing the country's first experimental fourth generation nuclear reactor, an expert said in Beijing on Wednesday.

The successful start up of the China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) marked a breakthrough in China's fourth generation nuclear technology, and made China the eighth country in the world to own the technology, Zhang Donghui, general manager of the CEFR project, told Xinhua over phone.

China's existing 11 nuclear power generating units all use second generation of nuclear power generation technology. The country started the construction of its first third-generation pressurized water reactors using AP1000 technologies developed by U.S.-based Westinghouse in 2009.

Compared with the third generation reactors which have an utility rate of uranium of just one percent, CEFR boasts an utility rate of more than 60 percent.

A new recycling technology called pyroprocessing is also used to close the fuel cycle by separating the unused fuel from most of the radioactive waste.

"The CEFR is safer, more environment-friendly, and more economic than its predecessors," Zhang said.

Source:Xinhua

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Re: China ,to maintain a strong military.

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Jul 22, 2010 1:02 pm


China's DF-21D ballistic missile
According to reports from U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence, China's DF-21D ballistic missile will enter service soon. If the aiming system can be proved to be accurate, the DF-21D ballistic missile will become the first land-based maneuverable Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile, which is able to hit moving aircraft carriers with a range of up to 2,000 miles.

It's alsoreported that US military officials admit privately that US military authority is shocked at the development of China's anti-ship ballistic missiles. Some US military officials even publicly express their worry about some Chinese powerful weapons.


Imaginary photo of US aircraft carrier hit by missiles


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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Jul 22, 2010 1:05 pm

China makes critical nuclear progress

China's endeavor to increase the use of clean energy got a big boost on Wednesday after an experimental fast reactor using the mostly homegrown fourth-generation nuclear technology reached the critical state.

Fast reactors that run on the fourth-generation technology differ from others in that they are able to utilize the fuel in a more optimal way so as to reduce the overall energy costs significantly.

The technology will also lift the uranium usage ratio to as high as 70 percent from existing 1 percent. In the long run, it will also considerably reduce the nation's reliance on foreign fuel imports.

"The fast reactor will extend China's utilization of proven and verified uranium resources to 1,000 years from less than 100 years through the existing pressurized water reactors," said Zhang Donghui, general manager of the fast reactor program.

The fast reactor program has been set up with a total investment of 2.5 billion yuan ($369 million) and China is the eighth country to successfully master the technology.

"This is a significant step in China's nuclear program," said Zhao Zhixiang, dean of China Institute of Atomic Energy.

Uranium prices have been firming up recently due to a surge in demand and a dwindling of global proven resources.

Added to this is also the long gestation time for successfully mining uranium from new finds.

China currently produces around 750 tons of uranium. The demand-supply gap of uranium is expected to exceed 10,000 tons by 2015 and reach nearly 30,000 tons by 2030, according to Yan Qiang, a researcher with Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences.

With the bulk of the nuclear power likely to be used for meeting the nation's power needs, demand for the clean energy is also expected to surge, said Yan.

China plans to set up 60 new nuclear reactors and have a nuclear power productivity of around 75 million kilowatts by 2020. The country is also constructing 23 machine sets to harness nuclear power, the largest among the 57 such sets in the world.

The nation is likely to double its uranium purchases to around 5,000 metric tons this year to build stockpiles for new reactors, said Thomas Neff, a physicist and uranium-industry analyst at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge.

China Uranium Development Co Ltd recently acquired a majority stake in Australian miner Energy Metals Ltd.

China Daily

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sat Jul 24, 2010 9:55 pm

Chinese president stresses Party building in armed forces

Chinese President Hu Jintao Saturday called on the armed forces to enhance Communist Party of China organization and promotion in a more scientific way.



Chinese President Hu Jintao (L, front), also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), meets with delegates of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) attending a seminar on Party building, in Beijing, capital of China, July 24, 2010. (Xinhua/Wang Jianmin)

Hu, also General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), made the remarks when he met delegates of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) attending a seminar on Party building.

"Promoting Party building is a political task of paramount importance in all work of the army," he said.

He asked the armed forces to integrate Party-related work with practice and to build a study-oriented Party organization and team of leaders by using creative theories and improving ideological education.

Party building should be enhanced through more scientific methods so as to provide a strong incentive and guarantees for the army's comprehensive development and efficient fulfillment of its missions, he said.

In January, the CMC set down the short-term tasks to be achieved in improving Party building in the PLA: equipping the Party with creative theories, strengthening intra-Party democracy, training high-quality officers, enhancing construction of grass-roots Party organizations, carrying forward the army's work style, and improving its anti-corruption mechanisms.

CMC Vice Chairmen Guo Boxiong and Xu Caihou and other senior military officers were present at the meeting.

Source: Xinhua

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 03, 2010 12:23 am

PLA drops hint on cross-strait missiles? Is it possible to go ?




Withdrawal of arms targeting Taiwan 'can be considered if one-China principle upheld'



The People's Liberation Army stated on the eve of the 73rd PLA Founding Day, set on August 1, that the discussion of withdrawing more than 1,000 missiles targeting the island could unfold, adding their removal could be considered if the "one-China" principle was upheld.

"It's not difficult for [Beijing] to remove missiles if both parties stick to the 'one-China' policy," Senior Colonel Geng Yansheng, a spokesman for the defence ministry in Beijing told Taiwanese reporters during a press conference. "Under the 'one-China' policy, [compatriots] on both sides are part of the same family."

Geng said Beijing would agree to discuss military security and mutual trust across the Taiwan Strait "at a proper time" to maintain stability in the region, Xinhua reported.

"Discussions would focus on the establishment of military security and mutual-trust mechanisms."

Geng said preparations for the cross-strait security mutual trust framework "should start from the easy topics and go through step by step". He added: "Peaceful development of cross-strait relations conforms to the fundamental interests of people on both sides and represents their common aspirations."

The military's statement was taken by the Taiwan media as the first response and overtures to Taiwan's request that the missiles be dismantled.

A former deputy “defence minister” in Taiwan, Lin Chong-pin, said Geng's speech had hinted that Beijing would reconsider its missile policy against the island.

The Taipei-based “ Ministry of National Defense” (MND) said Beijing’s offer to remove missiles was not very meaningful, while the Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) and the MND formed a joint task force to explore the military trust mechanism issue for internal reference.

Chang Jung-kung, director of the ruling Kuomintang's mainland affairs department, called it a "positive development" that means Beijing has begun taking a pragmatic approach to handling cross- strait ties, including mulling the possibility of removing missiles aimed at Taiwan.

However, voices of the mainland side are divided, some holding that the withdrawal of missiles could be a dangerous move to the military security of the Chinese mainland, as the missiles deployment nurtured for years could be exposed to the spy networks of US, Japan and Taiwan. They also think the mechanism of mutual trust between militaries across the Straits is yet to be established. Therefore, once a new round of missiles deployment is needed in considerations of military and strategic security, it would be more risky as a result of the repeated exposure of the number and variety of the Chinese missiles.



_________________
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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 03, 2010 5:45 pm

ICBM Test Launches Showcase Global Strike Capabilities

Two Global Strike Command missile crews launched Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile test vehicles June 16 and 30, respectively, at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

Missile maintenance and operational task forces from F.E. Warren AFB, Wyo., and Malmstrom AFB, Mont., combined with the 576th Flight Test Squadron at Vandenberg AFB to launch the missiles.

The launches give the crews a unique training opportunity to turn the launch keys that send an actual missile rocketing into the sky, said Capt. Isaac Earnhart, the 341st Operations Support Squadron missile combat crew commander.

The process is careful and deliberate, officials said.

"You don't get a second chance with an ICBM test launch," said Mr. Richard Serrano, the 576th FLTS instrumentation laboratory team chief. "You have to do it right the first time."

A successful launch is also a moment of pride for the missile maintenance team, said Tech. Sgt. Robert Houck, the 341st MMXS missile handling team chief.

"It shows what we work on is still a vital weapons system," he said. "There's a certain pride in ownership in knowing they put it together and watched it take off."

"Every flight test provides valuable experience to the crews and an evaluation of the missile's accuracy and reliability in its intended operational environment," said Col. Carl DeKemper, the 576th FLTS commander. "These launches are part of a continuous self-assessment of our proficiency."

The final launch sequence begins years earlier, as pre-determined criteria are used to carefully select a missile from the field and then transport it hundreds of miles to Vandenberg AFB for processing by the 576 FLTS, said Capt. Douglas Carmean, the 576 FLTS chief of ICBM test operations.

"The process requires deposturing a missile on alert after months of detailed monitoring and shipping the 60,000-lb. missile nearly half the length of the country," said Capt. Earnhart, Malmstrom AFB's missile combat crew commander.

Once it has been transported, all missile components are individually inspected, test equipment is installed and all components are reunited at the launch facility to once again take the shape of a flight-ready missile, said 1st Lt. Jared Hostetler, the 341st Missile Maintenance Squadron mechanical flight commander.

Teams from the operational missile bases come to Vandenberg and assemble the missile as they would at their home bases, he said. The test launches validate maintenance technicians' skills from the operational wings, he said.

Prior to the launch, members of the missile crew are certified by undertaking intensive simulated test launches, Mr. Serrano said.

Launch day is like the Super Bowl to the missile community - a rare opportunity to see the pay-off all of the preparation, Captain Earnhart said.

Another Minuteman III launch is scheduled from Vandenberg Sept. 15, by a missile task force from the 91st Missile Wing, Minot Air Force.

Space Daily

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sat Aug 07, 2010 12:01 am

Dong Feng 21D, Game changing weapon?


Dong Feng 21D developed by China: World’s 1st carrier killing missile.

The Dong Feng 21D, smarter and greatly cheaper, could effectively attack U.S. carrier or at least put off it from getting too close. The latest 96166 Unit will be ready with Dong Feng 21C medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM) and perhaps the DF-21D ASBM, said Mark Stokes and Tiffany Ma.


The US military said that ( in May) “If its targeting system proves accurate, the Dong Feng would rank as the world’s first mobile, land-based missile capable of hitting a moving aircraft carrier from nearly 2,000 miles away, depending on its payload and other factors”.

The US naval planners are scrambling to deal with what forecaster said that it is a game changing weapon being developed by China, an first-time carrier killing missile called theDong Feng 21D that could be launched from land with enough.

----Nothing projects U.S. global air and sea power more vividly than supercarriers. Bristling with fighter jets that can reach deep into even landlocked trouble zones, America’s virtually invincible carrier fleet has long enforced its dominance of the high seas.China may soon put an end to that.

U.S. naval planners are scrambling to deal with what analysts say is a game-changing weapon being developed by China _ an unprecedented carrier-killing missile called the Dong Feng 21D that could be launched from land with enough accuracy to penetrate the defenses of even the most advanced moving aircraft carrier at a distance of more than 1,500 kilometers (900 miles).

Analysts say final testing of the missile could come as soon as the end of this year, though questions remain about how fast China will be able to perfect its accuracy to the level needed to threaten a moving carrier at sea.

The weapon, a version of which was displayed last year in a Chinese military parade, could revolutionize China’s role in the Pacific balance of power, seriously weakening Washington’s ability to intervene in any potential conflict over Taiwan or North Korea. It could also deny U.S. ships safe access to international waters near China’s 11,200-mile (18,000-kilometer) -long coastline.

While a nuclear bomb could theoretically sink a carrier, assuming its user was willing to raise the stakes to atomic levels, the conventionally-armed Dong Feng 21D’s uniqueness is in its ability to hit a powerfully defended moving target with pin-point precision.

The Chinese Defense Ministry did not immediately respond to the AP’s request for a comment.

Funded by annual double-digit increases in the defense budget for almost every year of the past two decades, the Chinese navy has become Asia’s largest and has expanded beyond its traditional mission of retaking Taiwan to push its sphere of influence deeper into the Pacific and protect vital maritime trade routes.

“The Navy has long had to fear carrier-killing capabilities,” said Patrick Cronin, senior director of the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the nonpartisan, Washington-based Center for a New American Security. “The emerging Chinese antiship missile capability, and in particular the DF 21D, represents the first post-Cold War capability that is both potentially capable of stopping our naval power projection and deliberately designed for that purpose.”

Setting the stage for a possible conflict, Beijing has grown increasingly vocal in its demands for the U.S. to stay away from the wide swaths of ocean _ covering much of the Yellow, East and South China seas _ where it claims exclusivity.

It strongly opposed plans to hold U.S.-South Korean war games in the Yellow Sea off the northeastern Chinese coast, saying the participation of the USS George Washington supercarrier, with its 1,092-foot (333-meter) flight deck and 6,250 personnel, would be a provocation because it put Beijing within striking range of U.S. F-18 warplanes.

The carrier instead took part in maneuvers held farther away in the Sea of Japan.

U.S. officials deny Chinese pressure kept it away, and say they will not be told by Beijing where they can operate.

“We reserve the right to exercise in international waters anywhere in the world,” Rear Adm. Daniel Cloyd, who headed the U.S. side of the exercises, said aboard the carrier during the maneuvers, which ended last week.

But the new missile, if able to evade the defenses of a carrier and of the vessels sailing with it, could undermine that policy.

“China can reach out and hit the U.S. well before the U.S. can get close enough to the mainland to hit back,” said Toshi Yoshihara, an associate professor at the U.S. Naval War College. He said U.S. ships have only twice been that vulnerable _ against Japan in World War II and against Soviet bombers in the Cold War.

Carrier-killing missiles “could have an enduring psychological effect on U.S. policymakers,” he e-mailed to The AP. “It underscores more broadly that the U.S. Navy no longer rules the waves as it has since the end of World War II. The stark reality is that sea control cannot be taken for granted anymore.”

Yoshihara said the weapon is causing considerable consternation in Washington, though _ with attention focused on land wars in Afghanistan and Iraq _ its implications haven’t been widely discussed in public---- (Japan Today)

Analysts note that while much has been made of China’s efforts to ready a carrier fleet of its own, it would likely take decades to catch U.S. carrier crews’ level of expertise, training and experience.

But Beijing does not need to match the U.S. carrier for carrier. The Dong Feng 21D, smarter, and vastly cheaper, could successfully attack a U.S. carrier, or at least deter it from getting too close.

U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates warned of the threat in a speech last September at the Air Force Association Convention.

“When considering the military-modernization programs of countries like China, we should be concerned less with their potential ability to challenge the U.S. symmetrically _ fighter to fighter or ship to ship _ and more with their ability to disrupt our freedom of movement and narrow our strategic options,” he said.

_________________
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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sat Aug 07, 2010 8:32 pm


Imaginary image of an aircraft carrier attacked by Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile

People's Liberation Army holds live fire exercises in the East China Sea from June 30 to July 5. Meanwhile, according to U.S. international strategic analyst Andrew Erickson, tested firing of Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile (ASBM)is possibly included in PLA's military exercise.

Some signals indicate the possibility of PLA's tested firing of ASBM in this live fire exercise.

Relevant reports reveal the rocket motor of DF-21D missiles is completed. Besides, China has launched 5 advanced remote sensing satellites recently. Another signal is that some Chinese officials in the aerospace field state DF-21D missiles can hit targets within inaccuracy in circular probability of dozens of meters.


China's DF-21C missiles


China's DF-21C missles in the military parade in celebration of 60th Anniversary of Founding of the People's Republic of China


China's DF-21C missile in the military parade in celebration of 60th Anniversary of Founding of the People's Republic of China

Analysis explains that the US and South Korea's joint naval drill joined by US Washington aircraft carrier in Yellow Sea is another probable reason for the tested firing occasion of ASBM, which is chosen during the live fire exercise.

Reports from U.S. Rand think tank says US aircraft carriers will not only be threatened by PLA's submarines equipped with supersonic anti-ship missiles, but also by the world's first Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile – variants of China's DF-21 missiles.

Relevant reports from U.S. navy also point out DF-21D missiles can carry warheads capable of causing serious damage to large-sized warships, which enables PLA to destroy US aircraft carriers.

According to Chinese Admiral Zhang Zhaozhong, China doesn't own ballistic missiles capable of attacking aircraft carriers. Is U.S. worry undue and unrealistic?

_________________
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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 08, 2010 9:37 am

China ends air defense exercise with live-fire drill


Photo taken on Aug. 7, 2010 shows an antiaircraft missile being fired in the military exercise coded "Vanguard-2010" in east China's Shandong Province. The five-day long air defense military exercise, the largest-scaled of its kind with over 12 thousand troops mobilized, comes to an end on Saturday. (Xinhua/Ji Liangyan)

China concludes a five-day air defense exercise on Saturday with a live-fire drill and precision attacks on air targets by ground-to-air missiles.

The live-fire drill, in Shandong Province, was part of the exercise code-named "Vanguard-2010," which began Tuesday in seven cities across Henan and Shandong provinces, involving more than 12,000 personnel.

Seven types of ground-to-air weaponry, including a new type of ground-to-air missile and another state-of-the-art anti-aircraft gun, were used in intercepting and concentrating fire on air targets.

Nearly 200 military aircraft, including drones, reconnaissance aircraft, fighter jets and helicopters, were involved in the five-day military drill, said Feng Zhaoju, deputy commander of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Jinan Military Command.

The annual drill, consisting of two phases, focused on an emergency evacuation, strategy, reconnaissance, early warning, ground-to-air attacks and evacuation of command posts during the first phase which ended Thursday.

Its second phase included testing of air defense abilities in a "complicated electromagnetic environment."

A "Vanguard-2009A" exercise last year involved 5,000 troops from the army and air force.

"Vanguard-2008" included a 2,200-strong armored brigade from the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Jinan Military Area Command.

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Re: China ,to maintain a strong military.

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 08, 2010 9:39 am


Photo taken on Aug. 7, 2010 shows an antiaircraft missile being fired in the military exercise coded "Vanguard-2010" in east China's Shandong Province. The five-day long air defense military exercise, the largest-scaled of its kind with over 12 thousand troops mobilized, comes to an end on Saturday. (Xinhua/Ji Liangyan)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 08, 2010 9:40 am


Photo taken on Aug. 7, 2010 shows an antiaircraft missile being fired in the military exercise coded "Vanguard-2010" in east China's Shandong Province. The five-day long air defense military exercise, the largest-scaled of its kind with over 12 thousand troops mobilized, comes to an end on Saturday. (Xinhua/Ji Liangyan)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 08, 2010 9:41 am


Photo taken on Aug. 7, 2010 shows a soldier making observation in the military exercise coded "Vanguard-2010" in east China's Shandong Province. The five-day long air defense military exercise, the largest-scaled of its kind with over 12 thousand troops mobilized, comes to an end on Saturday. (Xinhua/Ji Liangyan)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 08, 2010 9:42 am


Photo taken on Aug. 7, 2010 shows a scene in the military exercise coded "Vanguard-2010" in east China's Shandong Province. The five-day long air defense military exercise, the largest-scaled of its kind with over 12 thousand troops mobilized, comes to an end on Saturday. (Xinhua/Ji Liangyan)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  satan_baby on Tue Aug 10, 2010 10:56 pm



The remote-sensing satellite, "Yaogan X", is sent into space aboard a Long March 4C carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in Taiyuan, capital of north China's Shanxi Province, Aug. 10, 2010. The satellite is supposed to conduct scientific experiment, carry out surveys on land resources, forecast grain output and play a role in natural disaster reduction and prevention. (Xinhua/Shang Chunya)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  satan_baby on Tue Aug 10, 2010 10:57 pm



The remote-sensing satellite, "Yaogan X", is sent into space aboard a Long March 4C carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in Taiyuan, capital of north China's Shanxi Province, Aug. 10, 2010. The satellite is supposed to conduct scientific experiment, carry out surveys on land resources, forecast grain output and play a role in natural disaster reduction and prevention. (Xinhua/Shang Chunya)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  satan_baby on Tue Aug 10, 2010 10:58 pm



The remote-sensing satellite, "Yaogan X", is sent into space aboard a Long March 4C carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in Taiyuan, capital of north China's Shanxi Province, Aug. 10, 2010. The satellite is supposed to conduct scientific experiment, carry out surveys on land resources, forecast grain output and play a role in natural disaster reduction and prevention. (Xinhua/Shang Chunya)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 10, 2010 11:07 pm


DF-21C ballistic missiles


Recently, a series of US unusual moves have driven the world's focus on the tense situation in the Asia-Pacific.

Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell said on Thursday local time that the US will send the USS George Washington supercarrier, which participated in last month's joint drills between the US and the ROK in the Sea of Japan, to the Yellow Sea for their upcoming exercise.

Meanwhile, relevant sources reveal that China will hold test launch of Dong Feng-21D anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) as soon as the end of this year.

Reports say a warning is issued from United States Pacific Command this March that China is likely to hold test launch of anti-ship ballistic missiles soon.

Analysis from Associated Press says terminal guidance is the biggest difficulty for DF-21D's capability of hitting the deck of a carrier accurately.

Toshi Yoshihara, an associate professor at the U.S. Naval War College points out there are three stages of positioning for China's missile troops to follow before they launch attack on an aircraft carrier. The first step is to locate the carrier by the over-the-Horizon Radar(OTH radar). The second one is to dispatch early warning aircraft to the Pacific Ocean for positioning. The last one is to coordinate with space-based satellites.

Some military experts think it will take at least 10 years to fulfill these requirements, while others suppose China will hold test launch in one or two years, earliest at the end of this year.

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  Neo on Sat Aug 14, 2010 2:30 am

China developing carrier-destroying missile


As the US aircraft carrier USS George Washington sailed through the waters of the South China Sea, foreign media floated the possibility that China is speeding up construction of its aircraft carrier and anti-aircraft carrier missile bases.

According to AP, China is developing a carrier-killing missile called the Dong Feng 21D. The anti-carrier missile could be launched from land with enough accuracy to penetrate the defenses of even the most advanced moving aircraft carrier at a distance of more than 1,500 km.

It said the US' virtually invincible carrier fleet has long enforced its dominance of the high seas, but China may soon put an end to that.

And in an article headlined "Chinese ready to kill US Navy carriers?" the US-based website worldnetdaily.com said China has built, tested and is on schedule to deploy a missile next year that is designed to destroy a US carrier.

The Ministry of National Defence of China did not confirm the report.

The US Navy deploys 11 supercarrier battleships around the globe. Each modern US nuclear aircraft carrier, with two reactors, can carry more than 6,000 service personnel and more than 80 aircraft. They are nearly 335 meters long but fast and maneuverable.

US defense analysts acknowledge that the Dong Feng 21D, could be a game-changer, AP reported.

Experts said US aircraft carriers are long-term and real threats to China's national security.

Su Hao, director of the Center for Asia-Pacific Region at China Foreign Affairs University, told China Daily that US aircraft carriers frequently approach China's territorial waters as a display of its sea power.

The US has now expanded its aircraft carriers' influence to China's Yellow Sea and South China Sea, Su noted.

"Aircraft carriers have already become an important strategic platform for US military intervention," Su said.

Su added that China wants to build aircraft carriers and anti-aircraft carrier missile bases to safeguard its national security.

On Sunday, the US aircraft carrier USS George Washington, which recently took part in military exercises with South Korea, hosted a Vietnamese military delegation in the South China Sea off the Vietnamese port of Danang.

Zhai Dequan, deputy secretary general of the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, said that as China's economy develops, it is also necessary for China to develop its national defense.

Zhai pointed out that such actions are not directed at any country or bloc of countries.
Wang Haishan contributed to this story.

By Zhang Chunyan, China Daily

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 22, 2010 12:44 am

North Korea in Agreement With China on Nuke Talks

North Korea announced yesterday it had reached common ground with China on restarting stalled multilateral nuclear negotiations, Reuters reported.

Beijing dispatched a senior diplomat to Pyongyang this week for discussions on reinvigorating the long-stalled six-party talks that also involve Japan, South Korea, Russia and the United States. China is North Korea's top foreign ally and has called on nations to "flip the page" on the March sinking of a South Korean warship and to resume negotiations aimed at ending Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.

Agreements reached during the talks propose to reward Pyongyang's permanent nuclear disarmament with large infusions of economic aid and security guarantees. As part of the six-party process, North Korea took several denuclearization steps only to reverse course in April 2009 when it abandoned the negotiations and then detonated a second nuclear test device.

China and North Korea held "in-depth discussions on the regional situation and the bilateral relations of friendship and matters of mutual concern including the resumption of the six-party talks and the denuclearization of the whole Korean Peninsula," Pyongyang's state-controlled Korean Central News Agency said. "They reached a full consensus of views on all the matters discussed."

Seoul and Washington have accused the North of carrying out a submarine attack on the Cheonan and have resisted Beijing's prodding to return to the regional talks. They are insisting that North Korea first take some permanent nuclear disarmament measures (Jeremy Laurence, Reuters, Aug. 20).

The Stalinist state, meanwhile, has demanded to be freed from international sanctions and to conduct peace treaty talks with the United States as preconditions to resuming the nuclear negotiations.

"Based on North Korea’s report that the two sides reached a full consensus, I believe it will start making concessions and no longer condition the six-party negotiations on prior talks with the U.S. alone," Seoul-based analyst Cheong Seong-ghang told the Korea Herald (Shin Hae-in, Korea Herald, Aug. 20).

Seoul said today the aspiring nuclear power must first issue an apology for the Cheonan attack if it wants to nuclear talks to resume, Agence France-Presse reported.

"First of all, the North should take some sincere measures concerning the Cheonan incident," South Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman Shin Maeong-ho said.

"Under the current circumstances, it's too early to talk about the resumption of the six-party talks," Shin said (Agence France-Presse/Google News, Aug. 20).

Beijing-based expert on North Korea Zhang Liangui told Reuters not too much should be made of Pyongyang's latest announcement as North Korea has a pattern of rapidly changing its public stances on nuclear and diplomatic matters.

"Even if North Korea returns to talks, it should be seen as a temporary tactical move, because they are not prepared to abandon their nuclear weapons," Zhang said (Jeremy Laurence, Reuters, Aug. 20).

Responding to Pyongyang's announcement, the U.S. State Department called on the North to undertake "specific things" that would show "a serious-enough purpose" to denuclearization, the Yonhap News Agency reported.

"We want to see a change in North Korea's behavior. Should we see that change, then that would give us indications that North Korea is serious about moving ahead," State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said.

"As we come up towards the U.N. General Assembly [in September], we'll have the opportunity to consult directly with many of our partners in this effort," Crowley said. "We will continue in the meantime to make clear to North Korea that there are steps that North Korea has to take to create the right environment for progress" (Hwang Doo-hyong, Yonhap News Agency, Aug. 19).

Meanwhile, the U.S. and South Korean militaries announced today that the aircraft carrier USS George Washington would not take part in an upcoming bilateral naval exercise, Kyodo News reported.

Beijing has strongly protested against the participation of the giant warship in naval exercises in the Yellow Sea, saying it impugned Chinese security interests and could destabilize the Korean Peninsula.

"The George Washington is not scheduled to participate in this ASW (antisubmarine warfare) exercise, but will operate in the waters off the Korean Peninsula in future exercises," a U.S.-South Korea combined forces command statement said (Kyodo News/Breitbart.com, Aug. 20).

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Wed Sep 01, 2010 11:10 pm


President Hu Jintao meets Kim Jong-il, the leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, in Changchun, the capital of Jilin province, on Friday. The picture was released on Monday, when Kim ended his five-day visit to China.

Kim Jong-il, general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and chairman of the DPRK's National Defense Commission, expressed this hope during talks with President Hu Jintao on Friday in Changchun, capital of Jilin province, as he paid a five-day unofficial visit to China that ended on Monday.

During the meeting with Hu, Kim said the DPRK remained committed to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and the country "is not willing to see tensions on the peninsula," Xinhua reported.

Kim said he wished to maintain close communication and coordination with China in pushing for an early resumption of the Six-Party Talks to ease the tension on the Korean Peninsula, and to maintain peace and stability there.

Hu said maintaining peace and stability on the peninsula accords with the common aspiration of the people, and China respects and supports positive efforts made by the DPRK to ease the situation.

Hu called on all parties concerned to make positive efforts to defuse the current tension, seek an early restart to the Six-Party Talks and gradually improve the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

It was the sixth visit paid by Kim to China and follows a trip made in May.

The visit came as the situation intensified on the peninsula with the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the United States staging military exercises in surrounding waters.

The ROK-US allies have accused the DPRK of carrying out a submarine assault on a ROK warship in March, which led to the death of 46 sailors. The DPRK proclaimed innocence and threatened to wage nuclear war if it was punished for the incident.

Never before has Kim paid two visits abroad within a year, said observers, noting that there have already been positive signals for a possible restart of the nuclear talks.

China's top negotiator Wu Dawei has been spending the past few weeks traveling to the DPRK and the ROK to seek a restart of the mechanism, said the Foreign Ministry. The ROK has also dropped its demand of a formal apology from the DPRK "for the sinking of the warship" as a pre-condition for the restart of the talks, the ROK's Chosun newspaper reported.

The US State Department also indicated that next month's UN General Assembly meeting in New York will be a chance to directly discuss re-launching the negotiations, AFP reported.

With efforts made by every side involved, there has been increasing communication between the countries and therefore the chances of a conflict are slim despite tensions. This is confirmed by hopes for the talks to restart, according to Piao Jianyi, chief of the Center of Korean Peninsula Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Yet other experts disagree, saying the talks are unlikely to reopen soon despite Kim's positive signals.

"The US and the DRPK have different expectations on the talks," said Zhang Liangui, professor of international strategic research at the Central Party School, adding that while the US seeks denuclearization of the peninsula, the DPRK wants to get the UN sanctions on it lifted.

Observers also said that learning about China's development experience was a major focus of Kim's visit.

Due to the severe flooding and the blockade by the international community, the DPRK has to seek assistance from China and strengthen trade cooperation with Northeast China to tackle its current difficulties, said Huang Youfu, director of the Institute of Korean Studies at the Central University for Nationalities.

During his stay in Jilin and Heilongjiang, Kim visited several agricultural and industrial facilities, which showed that the DPRK was willing to learn about the experience of modernization from China.

Hu said China was ready to work with the DPRK to carefully safeguard and develop friendly and cooperative relations.

Hu emphasized that it is a basic experience of China's reform over the past three decades that economic development calls for self-dependence but cannot be achieved without cooperating with the outside world. This is the inevitable path of the times that accelerates the development of a country.

Piao noted that Kim has said the DPRK's development will be closely connected with cooperation with China.

He predicted that a major party meeting next month in Pyongyang will make important decisions concerning development, probably by drawing inspiration from China's development.

China Daily

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sat Sep 04, 2010 12:03 am

US, South Korean envoys meet as China pushes to resume North Korea nuclear weapons talks

WASHINGTON - South Korea's envoy to stalled North Korean nuclear talks is meeting with senior U.S. officials as China and the North reportedly are pushing for the disarmament negotiations to resume.

The State Department said Wi Sung-lac met with Deputy Secretary of State Jim Steinberg and others Friday to discuss North Korea. Wi's meeting follows a U.S. visit this week by China's nuclear envoy, Wu Dawei.

China has suggested a compromise among the six countries involved in the nuclear disarmament talks so that negotiations can get back on track.

Seoul and Washington have been wary. They accuse North Korea of torpedoing a South Korean warship in March.

North Korea walked away from the talks to protest international condemnation of its missile test.
============================================

US, South Korea to hold further naval drills aimed at deterring North Korea
By: Kwang-Tae Kim

SEOUL, South Korea - South Korea and the United States will hold joint anti-submarine exercises in another show of force against North Korea, officials said Friday, as Pyongyang renewed threats against the drills.

The exercises will be the second in a series of joint manoeuvrs the allies planned to conduct in response to the deadly sinking of a South Korean warship in March that they blame on the North. The two sides staged large-scale joint naval drills in July followed by South Korea's own naval drills last month.

The drills, set to run from Sunday through Thursday off the Korean peninsula's west coast, will involve about 17,000 U.S. and South Korean troops, seven ships and two submarines as well as aircraft, according to South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff and the U.S. military in Seoul.

The exercises are "designed to send a clear message of deterrence to North Korea, while improving overall alliance anti-submarine warfare capabilities," the U.S. military in Seoul said in a statement.

The announcement of the planned drills comes as China reportedly holds live-ammunition exercises in the Yellow Sea.

An international team of investigators concluded in May that a North Korean torpedo sank the 1,200-ton South Korean warship Cheonan in late March near the Koreas' western maritime border, killing 46 South Korean sailors.

North Korea, which denies any involvement in the sinking, has threatened to retaliate against South Korea and the U.S. over the drills, which Pyongyang sees as a rehearsal for an invasion.

The U.S. keeps 28,500 troops in South Korea in what it says is a deterrent against any possible aggression from North Korea and says it has no intention of invading the North.

"Our military and people will deal a merciless blow if warmongers stage reckless provocation," North Korea's government-run website, Uriminzokkiri, said in a commentary Friday.

North Korea often makes such threats, though the joint manoeuvrs in July and South Korea's independent exercises took place without incident.

The two Koreas officially remain at war because the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.

South Korean and U.S. troops recalled that war Friday, dressing in period uniforms to re-enact a crucial battle, including the blowing up of a bridge. The battle took place in 1950 in a narrow area known as the Pusan Perimeter. U.S. and South Korean troops mounted a desperate defence against advancing North Korean soldiers that was crucial in turning the tide of the war.

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sun Sep 05, 2010 5:01 pm

China to join int'l cooperation for marine sustainable development


Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang (2nd R) meets with representatives to the 33rd Pacem in Maribus (Latin for Peace in the Oceans) Conference, in Beijing, capital of China, on Sept. 3, 2010. (Xinhua/Li Tao)

Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang has pledged China would work with the international community to promote the sustainable growth of the oceans.

Li made the remarks Friday when meeting with representatives to the 33rd Pacem in Maribus (Latin for Peace in the Oceans) Conference, which was held in Beijing Friday and Saturday.

Li said China would attach great importance to conservation on the marine ecosystems in the process of exploiting marine resources, and actively develop the green marine economy.

China would also improve the oceans' capability of preventing and reducing disasters, and comprehensively take part in international marine affairs, he noted.

Patricia O'Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel, Awni Behnam, president of International Ocean Institute, Wendy Watson-Wright, Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and other marine scientists attended Friday's meeting with Vice Premier Li.

They said that the international community should work together to cope with climate change and promote a sustainable development.

Entitled "Oceans, Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Challenges to Oceans and Coastal Cities," the PIM conference has drawn 266 representatives from 30 countries and 12 international organizations.


Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang (C, front) poses for a group photo with representatives to the 33rd Pacem in Maribus (Latin for Peace in the Oceans) Conference, in Beijing, capital of China, on Sept. 3, 2010. (Xinhua/Li Tao)

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ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sun Sep 12, 2010 1:39 pm

Chinese Navy ships visit New Zealand


Two Chinese Navy ships arrived here in New Zealand's largest city Saturday on a four-day visit to the South Pacific country.

It is the fourth visit by Chinese Navy ships since China and New Zealand established diplomatic relations in 1972.

At about 10 a.m. local time (2200 GMT Friday), the training vessel, Zhenghe, and the frigate, Mian Yang, slowly entered Queen's Wharf under the guidance of a New Zealand Navy ship, Wellington.

The Chinese Navy fleet was warmly received by Royal New Zealand Navy Maritime Component Commander Ross Smith, Chinese Ambassador to New Zealand Xu Jianguo, and a huge crowd of overseas Chinese.

After the welcoming ceremony, Commander Smith and Ambassador Xu stepped onto the Zhenghe training vessel and held a short meeting with Chinese Navy Rear Admiral Leng Zhenqing, who serves as the commander of the visiting formation.

Rear Admiral Leng then headed toward Devonport Navy Base on Auckland's North Shore, the home of the Royal New Zealand Navy, to meet senior New Zealand military officials.

Smith told Xinhua he was very glad to see Chinese Navy ships visit New Zealand and he expected the Royal New Zealand Navy could conduct joint training with the Chinese Navy.

Leng said the visit was part of efforts to construct a harmonious world and a harmonious ocean and was also conducive to improving the level of military cooperation between the two countries.

During the stay in New Zealand, visiting Chinese Navy soldiers will visit an old people's home and give a joint musical performance with a troupe from the Royal New Zealand Navy. The two ships will also be open for public tours on Sunday.

New Zealand is the fourth stop on the Chinese Navy ships' itinerary, which has included calls on Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Tonga, and will take them to Australia.

Xinhua

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