China-Iran

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Mon Aug 02, 2010 8:50 am

China-Iran: Old ties, modern dependency
By Chris Hogg



Captain Moarref says sanctions prevent him from exporting to Iran


Captain Abdolaziz Moarref spreads a blueprint over the desk in front of him, and shows me his company's design for a heavy-duty tug boat.

Behind him, in his Shanghai office, are the flags of China and Iran.

For four years he has been working hard to build up his business.

The captain - he prefers to be known by the title that dates back to his sea-faring days - helps clients to build ships here in China.

He works for firms in Africa, the Middle East, and his home country, Iran.

But in the last few weeks, part of his business has dried up.

At around the same time that the United Nations agreed new sanctions against Iran to try to pressure it to abandon its nuclear programme, he says Chinese banks stopped accepting letters of credit from Iran.

He blames the UN Security Council.

'Mobbed'

"Because of these sanctions now, this year I have stopped my business. I cannot export anything to Iran," he says.


The Expo oil pavilion shows exhibits on the importance of oil to China


"We cannot buy even normal goods, necessary things for our people".

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Shanghai last month, a few days after the UN decision to tighten the sanctions.

There was chaos.

He was mobbed by reporters and supporters as he toured the Iranian pavilion at the World Expo.

But none of China's senior leaders came to meet him.

Captain Moarref complains that "politics is now getting in the way of economics".

Professor Zhu Weilie Middle East expert :
We are not hugging them close like a friend... but we are friendly


He believes Iran has every right to pursue a nuclear programme, but he is unhappy that the issue appears to be harming his business.'Friendly'

It is a concern recognised by academics like Professor Zhu Weilie, a Middle East expert from Shanghai International Studies University.

He points out that Chinese merchants have traded with their Persian counterparts for centuries along the silk routes.

"There has never been a problem between these two peoples," he says.
He believes his country's ties with Iran are being tested by the nuclear crisis, but he insists they will not be broken.

The professor believes China will do what it can to try to bring the Iranians back "into the international system".


Professor Zhu says China wants Iran back in the "international system"
"We are not hugging them close like a friend," he says, "but we are friendly."

At Shanghai's World Expo, in the pavilion built by state-owned oil companies, it soon becomes clear why China feels it is important to maintain those ties.

The huge building - one of the most popular on the site - is filled with exhibits designed to remind Chinese people why oil is so important.

A 3D film at the pavilion shows what would happen if the oil ran out.
No plastic, no paint, no clothes even - producing shrieks of horror from the audience.Thirst for oil

Searching for stable and long-term sources of oil has long been a priority for the Chinese government, and Iran is one of the most important sources it has.

Qiu Xiaofeng Oil analyst :
If Iran was stopped from producing oil, the rest of the world would struggle to make up the capacity, so the oil price would go up


Tehran supplies about 14% of the crude oil Beijing needs.

So, should the international community decide to tighten the sanctions even further and cut that supply, China would suffer.

So too would the rest of the world though, says oil analyst Qiu Xiaofeng.

"If Iran was stopped from producing oil, the rest of the world would struggle to make up the capacity, so the oil price would go up," he says.

"That would be bad for everyone. Not just for China, an oil importer, but for the US and others - anyone importing oil".

The problem for China is that even if it keeps the oil flowing from Iran at current levels, its thirst for energy keeps increasing.

By the middle of this decade, more than half of China's population will live in cities.

That will create huge additional needs for power, and make the sources of the energy China imports - countries like Iran - more and more important if China's growth and development is to continue.

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 03, 2010 12:13 am

China disagrees with EU's unilateral sanctions on Iran

hina opposed unilateral sanctions levied on Iran by the European Union (EU), said Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu here on Friday.

"We hope the relevant parties will adhere to diplomatic means on the issue," said Jiang in response to a question.

China maintains that the Iran nuclear issue should be resolved through dialogue and negotiations, she added.

EU foreign ministers on Monday approved tougher sanctions on Iran over its refusal to halt its uranium enrichment program, including measures to block oil and gas investment.

EU's restrictive measures, which went beyond UN sanctions imposed on June 9, followed a similar move by the U.S.

On July 1, U.S. President Barack Obama signed a new Iran sanction bill into law, which was described by him as "striking at the heart" of Iranian government's nuclear ability.

Iran has submitted a letter to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Yukiya Amano on resuming the nuclear talks.

The letter, jointly provided by Iran's National Security Supreme Council and Iran's Atomic Energy Organization, expresses Iran's readiness to start uranium swap talks, said Iran's local media on Monday.

"We welcome Iran's move on the issue," said Jiang.

China hoped the talks between Iran and the Vienna Group, comprising the United States, France, Russia and the IAEA, would start as soon as possible, she said.

"We hope the relevant parties will reach consensus on the issue at an early date," said Jiang, adding this will help promote the process of resolving the Iran nuclear issue through dialogue and negotiations.

Source: Xinhua

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 03, 2010 12:15 am

US has plan to strike Iran

The U.S. military has worked out a plan to militarily attack Iran, the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff said Sunday, according to an Associated Press report.

Not long after Admiral Mike Mullen was aired on a Sunday talk show, the deputy chief of Iran's Revolutionary Guard was quoted as saying there would be a strong Iranian response should the U.S. take military action against his country.

Mullen, the highest ranking U.S. military officer, often has warned that a strike on Iran would have serious and unpredictable ripple effects around the Middle East. At the same time, Mullen said the risk of Iran's developing a nuclear weapon is unacceptable, although he would not say which risk he thinks is worse.

"I think the military options have been on the table and remain on the table," Mullen said on "Meet the Press" on NBC. "It's one of the options that the president has. Again, I hope we don't get to that, but it's an important option and it's one that's well understood."

The official Iranian news agency IRNA quoted Revolutionary Guard deputy chief Yadollah Javani as saying Sunday that security in the Persian Gulf would be jeopardized "if Americans commit the slightest mistake."

"The Persian Gulf is a strategic region. If the security of this region is endangered, they will suffer losses and our response will be firm," Javani said.

Source: Agencies / People's Daily Online

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 03, 2010 12:17 am

Iran not to surrender to U.S. pressure over detained Americans

Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast on Sunday dismissed that Iran will surrender to political pressure over the three detained Americans, the local satellite Press TV reported.

Mehmanparast said, "they (the detained Americans) should be held accountable for their illegal entrance into the country," the report said.

"The three American citizens were arrested in July 2009 on suspicion of illegal entrance into Iran's soil. So, their offense is obvious and they should be held accountable before the court of law like any other individual," Mehmanparast was quoted as saying.

"Any effort to affect the judicial case of the detainees through political pressure or media propaganda ... will have no impact on the independent approach of Iran's judiciary," he added.

On Friday, U.S. President Barack Obama called on Iranians to release the three detained Americans and said that the continued detention is "unjust."

The three Americans, Sarah Shourd, Josh Fattal and Shane Bauer, were arrested in Iran on July 31 last year after they illegally entered the country from its western borders.

They were charged with espionage last November, which the U.S. government considered totally unfounded and said they should be freed.

Source: Xinhua

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Wed Aug 04, 2010 3:34 pm

U.S. urges Japan follow EU with more Iran sanctions
By Yoko Nishikawa

U.S. officials urged on Wednesday Japan to follow the European Union in adopting additional strong sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program, saying such measures should not harm Japan's oil imports from Iran.

Japan approved on Tuesday new sanctions against Iran in line with a U.N. Security Council resolution in June, including adding 40 companies and an individual to a blacklist targeted for a freezing of assets.

Japan will also take steps aimed at preventing fund transfers related to the supply to Iran of large conventional weapons and ban investment from Iran related to nuclear technology.

It also vowed to consider by the end of this month what kind of further steps it could take.

Robert Einhorn, special adviser for nonproliferation and arms control at the U.S. State Department, welcomed Japan's decision to consider more measures beyond the U.N. requirements and said Washington was looking forward to working with Tokyo "in sending strong, clear signals to Iran".

"Now we look to Japan as a leader of the global nonproliferation regime and a close ally of the United States to play a strong role in this effort," Einhorn told a news conference in Tokyo, where he met his Japanese counterparts to discuss sanctions against Iran and North Korea.

"Japan imports a lot of oil from Iran but steps we are asking Japan to take would not interfere in any way with Japan's energy security and its imports of oil from Iran," Einhorn said.

"I would advise you as we advised the government of Japan to look at measures already adopted by the European Union (EU). These are strong measures but the Japanese adoption of strong measures would not adversely affect the economy of Japan."

EU AS A MODEL

EU foreign ministers last month adopted extra sanctions against Iran, targeting investment in its oil and gas industries, limits on financial transfers and a ban on dealing with the state shipping line and air cargo.

Speaking at the same news conference, Daniel Glaser, U.S. Treasury deputy assistant secretary for terrorist financing and financial crimes, also said that while Japanese banks' financing of oil transactions with Iran had not been prohibited, Japan should look at what the EU did.

"There are tremendous risks out there dealing with Iranian banks," Glaser said, noting that the EU had completely cut off certain Iranian banks from the European financial system and imposed strict limits on transactions.

"I am quite confident that Japan will take measures to protect the Japanese system from the Iranian financial abuse."

On North Korea, Einhorn said Pyongyang needed to demonstrate that it was serious about denuclearization and take tangible steps in order for six-party talks aimed at ending North Korea's nuclear program to be resumed.

But he declined to elaborate on what kind of tangible steps Washington wanted to see.

"It has to demonstrate, especially in the light of provocative actions over the last couple of years, that it's serious and that it's sincere about denuclearization ... And perhaps if it does show a genuine willingness to make progress we can break what has been an unacceptable cycle from the past."

Tension on the Korean peninsula has reached new heights since the sinking of a South Korean navy ship in March, killing 46 sailors, which the South blames on the North, prompting Seoul to impose sanctions against Pyongyang. Washington has also said it would impose new measures against the North.

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 05, 2010 2:12 am

Iran 'has new surface-to-air-missiles'

Iran has obtained four S-300 surface-to-air missiles despite Russia's refusal to deliver them to Tehran under a valid contract, a semi-official Iranian news agency claimed today.

The Fars news agency, which has ties to Iran's elite Revolutionary Guard, Iran's most powerful military force, said Iran received two missiles from Belarus and two others from another unspecified source.

Russia signed a contract in 2007 to sell S-300 missiles to Iran, a move that would have substantially boosted the country's defence capacities. Israel fears that supplying S-300s to Iran would change the military balance in the Middle East.

The S-300 anti-aircraft missile defence system is capable of shooting down aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missile warheads at ranges of over 90 miles and at altitudes of about 90,000 feet.

Russia said in June that the new UN Security Council sanctions against Iran prevent Russia from delivering the missiles but Tehran insisted that Moscow is under an obligation to carry out the contract.

The agency said Iran's possession of the missiles was revealed for the first time last year by Al-Menar TV, which is affiliated the Iranian-backed Islamic militant Hezbollah group in Lebanon. Fars said Iranian government officials never denied the report. It added that Iran may try to start building the missiles itself.

Russia is in a difficult position in the international stand-off with Iran, in part because it does not want to jeopardise decades of political and trade ties with the Islamic republic. Still, Moscow has recently shown increasing frustration with Iran, and last month backed the new sanctions.

Tehran insists its nuclear work is only for generating power and other peaceful uses. The US and its allies accuse Iran of using its civilian nuclear programme as a cover to develop atomic weapons.

Moscow has delivered other anti-aircraft systems to Tehran, such as the Tor-M1, which can hit aerial targets at up to 20,000 feet.

_________________
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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Fri Aug 06, 2010 12:14 am

China Rejects US Concerns about Deals with Iran

China has defended its business ties with Iran after a United States official urged Beijing to fully implement sanctions against Tehran.

China Thursday rejected concerns about its dealings with Iran.

China's state media quoted a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman saying trade with Tehran is normal business and does not harm the interests of other countries or the international community.

She was responding to comments made by the United States' special advisor for nonproliferation and arms control, Robert Einhorn.

This week Einhorn said China should fully cooperate with United Nations sanctions imposed against North Korea and Iran because of their nuclear programs.

The U.S. and European Union recently passed new sanctions against Iran and are encouraging Russia and China to support them. The sanctions target Iran's energy and banking sectors.

Joseph Cheng, a professor of political science at Hong Kong's City University, says Beijing has little interest in new sanctions.
"China certainly has substantial oil interests in Iran and therefore China is quite reluctant to support the American position," he said. "On the other hand, of course, the American government realizes that unless all major powers are in concerted action, otherwise sanctions will be largely ineffective, it may even hurt the interests of American corporations."

As Western businesses have pulled out of Iran because of the sanctions, concerns have been raised that Chinese enterprises are moving in to snatch up business.

China is already Iran's biggest trading partner and plans to invest billions of dollars in its oil sector, including building several refineries.

Tehran is energy-hungry China's third largest oil supplier. Iran's oil minister is in China this week to discuss further trade and cooperation.

Although trade relations are friendly, Cheng says China is concerned about Iranian nuclear proliferation, and in June supported a fourth round of U.N. sanctions against Iran.

China's Foreign Ministry says the country has always observed the Security Council's resolutions and rejects suggestions that Beijing is not acting responsibly.

But Beijing has opposed tougher measures, including unilateral sanctions imposed by the U.S., EU, Australia, Canada, and Japan, who fear that Tehran aims to acquire nuclear weapons. Iran says its nuclear programs are for peaceful energy purposes.

Despite the sanctions, Iran last month claimed to have acquired an advanced missile system, bringing into question the effectiveness of the measures.

Voice of America

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Fri Aug 06, 2010 11:56 pm

Side with US, or Reach to Iran, it’s China’s dilemma



Iranian Oil Minister Massoud Mirkazemi headed for Beijing yesterday to discuss with Chinese officials new investments in Iran's energy sector.

Some Chinese companies plan to participate in financing a number of refinery development projects in Iran, said Deputy Oil Minister Ali-Reza Zeighami, who arrived in China on Friday.

He added that Iran gas already signed an agreement between the Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company and these firms.

According to the Oil Ministry's website, SHANA, Iran and China have jointly invested up to $15 billion for developing Iranian oil and gas fields, including Masjed Soleiman, North and South Azadegan and South Pars.

Chinese companies have been expanding their presence in Iran's oil refinery sector.

Last year, China's Sinopec signed a memorandum of understanding with the National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company to invest $6.5 billion for building oil refineries in Iran.


Iran is getting isolated by the US-led West world, and in an urgent need of a big friend like China to said with it and help it weather the brewing sanctions storms.

But under the mounting pressure of the US and the call from the UN Security Council to launch the tightened sanctions against Iran, China could be caught in an awkward predicament.

Should China continue to enhance its investment in Iran’s oil refinery sector ?

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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sat Aug 07, 2010 8:21 pm

Iran starts more efficient uranium enrichment


A suspected uranium-enrichment facility near Qom, 156 km (97 miles) southwest of Tehran, is seen in this
September 27, 2009 satellite photograph released by DigitalGlobe on September 28, 2009.


Iran has begun using extra equipment installed earlier this year to enrich uranium more efficiently, stepping up its nuclear work despite U.N. sanctions, a Western think-tank said on Friday.

The Institute for Science and International Security said on its website that Iran was now using a second set, or "cascade," of centrifuge machines at its Natanz pilot plant. It did not disclose the source of its information.

Iran has been producing low-enriched uranium for some time and announced in February that it had started enriching uranium to a higher, 20 percent, level to make fuel for a medical research reactor.

Analysts said the single cascade of machines Iran was using for the higher-level enrichment was inefficient because it left over a large quantity of low-enriched uranium alongside the highly enriched material.

The International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.N. nuclear watchdog, said Iran had subsequently installed a second cascade of centrifuge machines but had not begun using it.

A Vienna-based diplomat with knowledge of the IAEA investigation of Iran's nuclear program said the Iranians had been preparing the second cascade of machines for use in recent weeks.

Use of the second cascade allows leftover material to be re-fed into the machines more easily, obtaining its full potential and making the work more efficient.

"ISIS has learned that Iran is now using the second cascade at the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP) at Natanz to recycle the tails from the first cascade," ISIS said in its note.

ISIS said the use of the second cascade meant the plant now needed less low-enriched uranium (LEU) than before to produce the same amount of 20-percent enriched uranium. It did not mean the output or enrichment level would increase, ISIS said.

Western powers fear the Islamic Republic aims to stockpile material for possible use, when still more highly enriched, in nuclear weapons. Iran says its aims are purely peaceful.

Western diplomats have said in the past that the second cascade could be reconfigured to enrich uranium to the higher level needed for use in nuclear weapons, a concern echoed by ISIS.

"If Iran enriches to weapon-grade uranium, however, it is expected to use the same type of procedure," ISIS said.

"Thus, Iran's current actions, while superficially justified on civil grounds, mainly make sense in the context of learning how to make significant quantities of highly enriched uranium efficiently."

Tehran has said it was forced to enrich uranium to 20 percent purity after the breakdown of a deal with Western powers and the IAEA, under which it would have sent 1,200 kg of its low-enriched uranium abroad in return for fuel rods for its medical reactor.

It tried to revive the fuel swap in a deal with Turkey and Brazil days before a key U.N. Security Council meeting in June, but the deal did not prevent the Security Council from imposing a fourth round of sanctions on Iran over its disputed nuclear program.

_________________
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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sat Aug 14, 2010 12:13 am

Russia Sets Date for Key Iran Nuclear Step
By ANDREW E. KRAMER

MOSCOW — In a move sure to disappoint United States diplomats trying to halt Iran’s nuclear program, the atomic energy agency of Russia said Friday that it would take a crucial step later this month toward starting Iran’s first nuclear power plant.

The agency said that technicians would move tons of low-enriched uranium fuel from a storage site into the reactor on Aug. 21, the first of three steps in a months-long process for starting it up.

“The event will symbolize that the period of testing is over and the stage of physical start-up has begun,” the Russian atomic energy agency said in a statement.

The United States had asked Russia to hold off moves to start the plant until Iran assuaged concerns that it is using its civilian nuclear program to also build a bomb.

The construction and startup of the plant, located near the southern Iranian city of Bushehr, have been plagued by dozens of delays since Russia took over the work there in the mid 1990s.

Russian officials, who are also concerned about Iran’s nuclear progress, had long appeared to use the plant construction schedule and the drawn-out startup process as leverage with Iran’s leaders and in wider Russian diplomacy in the Middle East. Often, delays for ostensibly technical reasons have come just days after a Russian leader makes a political statement critical of Iran.

For months, the Russians have been setting out an August start date for the plant, but it seemed plausible that the date could be pushed back. From the Iranian perspective, the start-up has been possible since roughly February 2009, when the reactor core was successfully tested.

In the step set for Aug. 21, fuel will be shifted from storage to the reactor chamber. The second involves loading the fuel into the hardened stainless steel core. The final step is bringing the fuel rods closer together to begin the nuclear reaction.

Once the fuel is irradiated in the final step of the start-up, it will begin to generate plutonium that could be used in an atomic weapon, which is why Russia had insisted on its return as a condition of completing and fueling the plant. The process will not introduce new nuclear material into Iran; Russia delivered the shipment of low-enriched uranium fuel under an agreement that would require Iran to send the spent fuel back to Russia for disposal. The Russian fuel has been kept under International Atomic Energy Agency seal.

In fact, the United States under a policy put in place by the Bush administration has supported the Russian fuel shipments, though not the decision to start the plant. The Russian fuel meets all the needs for the Bushehr plant, largely removing the rationale for an enrichment program.

The critics of cooperation with Iran say the Russian contract at Bushehr, held by the state company Atomstroyexport, gives the Iranian government a justification to enrich uranium.

The Russians counter that the reactor itself is harmless if looked at apart from the effort to enrich uranium fuel.

The Russians also dismiss criticism that they are exposing Israel, Europe and possibly the United States to nuclear risk for a narrow commercial interest, as nuclear officials here say the $1 billion Bushehr contract, signed in the early 1990s, is no longer even profitable.

Iran says its nuclear program is intended to generate electricity and medical isotopes, not for weapons development.

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Sun Aug 22, 2010 12:35 am

Two Charged in Germany With Missile Tech Export to Iran

German authorities announced today they had filed charges against two men believed to have provided Iran with technology that could be used to build nuclear-ready long-range missiles, Agence France-Presse reported.

German businessman Heinz Ulrich K., 65 and Iranian national Mohsen A., 52, are alleged to have purchased from a German company a furnace employed in preparing missile guidance technology and warheads to withstand intense heat.

The Iranian citizen -- cited in media reports in his home nation as Mohsen Afrasiabi -- was formally accused in April of involvement in the scheme, along with German-Iranian engineer Behzad S., 49. In charges lodged Aug. 5, Germany prosecutors said they were widening the scope of the charges targeting Afrasiabi. He is expected to be put on trial at an undisclosed date in the city of Düsseldorf.

Afrasiabi was apprehended in October and freed on bond in April, German authorities said. Ulrich K. is also not presently behind bars. The two men are alleged to have contravened a weapon export ban in addition to violating European Union rules that prohibit the sale of dual-use equipment to Iran.

The European Union, the United States and other governments believe Tehran is seeking a nuclear-weapon capability, but Iran insists its atomic program is entirely peaceful .

"Iran has been developing since the late 1990s at the latest long-range missiles to carry weapons of mass destruction," German prosecutors asserted.

"To get around export restrictions, Iran is acquiring the necessary advanced technology for its missile program via third companies," they added.

Authorities allege Afrasiabi in 2004 was assigned by a "leading employee of Iran's missile program" to buy the furnace, which he did three years later for approximately $1.1 million. The furnace was transported to Iran and the German supplier started to prepare it for use in March 2008.

Work was halted, though, once the firm became aware of concerns the furnace was being built on behalf of the Iranian government, according to AFP. By then, however, the Iranian customers were able to continue work on the furnace without the company's aid. It is not known if the furnace was ultimately put to use (Agence France-Presse/Sydney Morning Herald, Aug. 19).

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Mon Aug 23, 2010 5:13 pm

Ahmadinejad unveils Iran's first unmanned 'bomber jet'

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Sunday inaugurated the country’s first domestically-built, long-range, unmanned bomber aircraft, calling it an “ambassador of death” to Iran’s enemies.

Speaking to a group of officials Ahmadinejad said, “The jet, as well as being an ambassador of death for the enemies of humanity, has a main message of peace and friendship.”

The goal of the aircraft is to “keep the enemy paralyzed in its bases,” he said, adding that the jet is for deterrence and defensive purposes.

The president championed the country’s military self-sufficiency program, and said it will continue “until the enemies of humanity lose hope of ever attacking the Iranian nation.”

The 4-meter-long unmanned plane, dubbed the Karrar or striker in Farsi, was inaugurated on the national day for the country’s defense industry in a ceremony aired live on state TV.

No details were provided on the craft’s capabilities.

Iran has been producing its own light, unmanned surveillance aircraft since the late 1980s.

The ceremony came a day after Iran began to fuel its first nuclear power reactor, with the help of Russia, amid international concerns over the possibility of a military dimension to its nuclear program.

Iran insists it is only interested in generating electricity.

Referring to Israel’s occasional threats against Iran’s nuclear facilities, Ahmadinejad called any attack unlikely, but he said if Israel did, the reaction would be overwhelming.

“The scope of Iran’s reaction will include the entire the earth,” said Ahmadinejad. “We also tell you -- the West -- that all options are on the table.”

Ahmadinejad appeared to be consciously echoing the terminology used by the U.S. and Israel in their statements not ruling out a military option against Iran’s nuclear facilities.

On Friday, Iran also test-fired a new liquid fuel surface-to-surface missile, the Qiam-1, with advanced guidance systems.

Since 1992, Iran has also produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, torpedoes and a fighter plane. It frequently makes announcements about new advances in military technology that cannot be independently verified.

Iran launched an arms development program during its 1980-88 war with Iraq to compensate for a U.S. weapons embargo.

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Tue Aug 24, 2010 12:50 pm

Iran to Provide Lebanon With Missile Defenses, Report Claims

A Lebanese news Web site asserted Saturday that Iran next month is expected to offer to supply Lebanon with antimissile technology, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

Tehran appears likely to make its missile defense proposal when Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visits Beirut in early September following the end of Muslim observance of Ramadan. The Iranian government would also propose providing additional armaments during the president's trip, Now Lebanon reported, relying on an unidentified Lebanese diplomatic insider.

Iran's proposal would come after lawmakers in Washington moved to halt U.S. military assistance to Lebanon amid worries about the sway the militant group Hezbollah has over the Lebanese Armed Forces.

Jerusalem has requested the United States and France halt their support to the Lebanese military after it engaged in a brief border fight with Israeli forces earlier this month, Haaretz reported (Xinhua News Agency, Aug. 22).

_________________
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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 26, 2010 11:50 am

(Aug. 25) - Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi, shown last year, today announced the test of an upgraded version of the military's Fateh 100 short-range missile (Atta Kenare/Getty Images).

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Thu Aug 26, 2010 11:55 am

Iran Tests Enhanced Short-Range Missile

Iran today said it had conducted a test launch of an enhanced version of its Fateh 110 short-range missile, Agence France-Presse reported.

The domestically produced ground-to-ground weapon "works on solid fuel, so compared to previous generations it has an increased range and accuracy. Its preparation as well as launching systems are speedier," said Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi.

"This missile, which is in the short-range class, has added new features to the country's missile system," he added.

The launch was shown on television, but it was not immediately known when the test occurred (Agence France-Presse/Yahoo!News, Aug. 25).

Vahidi also did not provide details on the third-generation missile's maximum flight distance, AFP reported. An earlier iteration of the Fateh 110 had a range of 90 to 125 miles (Agence France-Presse/Yahoo!News, Aug. 25).

Vahidi said Iran's military would receive the new missile next month, the Associated Press reported.

Tehran since Friday has announced the test-launch of its Qiam short-range missile, rolled out a new drone bomber that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called an "ambassador of death" to Tehran's foes, and said it would begin large-scale manufacturing of two assault boats.

Iran is known for proclaiming improvements to its weapons systems that observers are not able to confirm, according to AP. The Middle Eastern state is suspected by the United States, Israel and other nations of seeking a nuclear-weapon capability, a charge vigorously denied in Tehran (Associated Press/New York Times, Aug. 25).

Experts played down the potential value of the bomber, Time magazine reported.

The drone was said to be able to carry a bomb weighing as much as 450 pounds and to have a 600-mile range, meaning it could not reach Iran's longtime foe Israel.

Iran would not be able to control the system at extended ranges and does not possess important ground- or drone-based sensors.

"It is likely to have virtually no actual military value," said Kenneth Katzman, an Iranian-military analyst at the U.S. Congressional Research Service.

"More like the 'ambassador of minor damage to unintended target,'" added Richard Aboulafia, an analyst with the Teal Group aerospace consulting firm (Mark Thompson, Time, Aug. 25).

_________________
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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  hacksecrets on Sat Aug 28, 2010 10:25 pm

Iran has material for 1-2 atom bombs: ex-IAEA aide

Iran has stockpiled enough low-enriched uranium for 1-2 nuclear arms but it would not make sense for it to cross the bomb-making threshold with only this amount, a former top U.N. nuclear official was quoted as saying.

In unusual public remarks about Iran's disputed nuclear programme Olli Heinonen, the former chief of U.N. nuclear inspections worldwide, told Le Monde newspaper that Iran's uranium reserve still represented a "threat."

Until he stepped down earlier this month for personal reasons, Heinonen was deputy director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency and head of its nuclear safeguards department, which verifies that countries' nuclear programmes are not being diverted for military use.

A no-nonsense Finn, he was one of the U.N. agency's leading experts on Iran, which denies Western suspicions that its nuclear programme is aimed at making bombs despite intelligence indications to the contrary, which he investigated for years.

In the interview published on Thursday, Heinonen said the Islamic Republic now possessed three tonnes of low-enriched uranium, material which can be used to fuel nuclear power plants, or form the core of a bomb if refined much further.

"In theory, it is enough to make one or two nuclear arms. But to reach the final step, when one only has just enough material for two weapons, does not make sense," Heinonen said in the interview carried out just before he left office.

In comments translated from English to French, he suggested this was not sufficient to constitute a serious bargaining chip in any negotiations with the United States, the Islamic Republic's old adversary.

"But this constitutes a ... threat," he said, apparently referring to Iran's LEU stockpile.

Heinonen said the United States estimated that Iran would need a year to convert its low-enriched uranium to higher-grade material, adding that this was a not a "bad estimate."

Top Pentagon officials told the U.S. Congress in April that Iran could produce enough highly enriched uranium for a single nuclear weapon in as little as a year -- but would probably need three to five years to assemble, test and deploy it.

World powers hope that new U.N., U.S. and European sanctions imposed on Iran since June will persuade it to enter negotiations on its nuclear programme which the West hopes will lead to a suspension of all uranium enrichment activity.

Iran, which says its nuclear work is aimed at generating electricity so that it can export more of its gas and oil, has repeatedly ruled out halting enrichment, while keeping the door open for talks.

Heinonen is probably best known for giving a closed-door presentation to diplomats on Iran in 2008 which indicated links between projects to process uranium, test explosives and modify a missile cone in a way suitable for a nuclear warhead.

His department's five-year investigation based on Western intelligence funneled to the agency helped harden IAEA concerns that Iran might have worked to develop a nuclear-armed missile and was still doing so.

Tehran says the intelligence is forged and that its atomic work is solely for peaceful purposes.

Reuters

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Wed Sep 08, 2010 4:18 pm

South Korea Imposes Sanctions on Iran

South Korea has unveiled a list of sanctions against Iran as part of an international campaign to punish Tehran for its suspected nuclear weapons program.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Kim Young-Sun said Wednesday the government would blacklist 102 Iranian companies and 24 individuals.

South Korea will also restrict investment in Iran’s gas and oil industries and increase inspections of cargo to and from Iran. Iran is currently South Korea’s third largest supplier of crude oil.

Among the companies penalized is the Seoul branch of Iran’s Bank Mellat, which faces new, tight restrictions on its activities.

The U.S. government contends that the bank has been involved in transactions related to Iran’s nuclear, missile and other military programs.

The United States and its allies accuse Iran of using its civilian nuclear program as a cover for the development of atomic weapons. Iran denies the charge.

On Tuesday, the U.S. Treasury Department enacted sanctions against an Iranian-owned bank in Germany that it accuses of facilitating Iran’s efforts to develop its nuclear and missile activities.

U.S. officials say the European-Iranian Trade Bank (EIH) has handled billions of dollars in transactions on behalf of the Iranian government. The move effectively bans transactions between the bank and any U.S. financial institution.

The United Nations approved a fourth round of sanctions against Iran in early June.

_________________
ท้องทะเลและมหาสมุทร ไม่เคยปราศจากคลื่นฉันใด
มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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Re: China-Iran

ตั้งหัวข้อ  sunny on Wed Sep 08, 2010 4:22 pm

Iran Claims Right to Reject Nuclear Inspectors


Head of the Iran Atomic Energy Organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, right, speaks with media during a press conference with cleric Gholamali Safaei Bushehri, representative of the supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, at Iran's Bushehr nuclear power plant, 21 Aug 2010

The Iranian government says it has the right to decide which international inspectors will be allowed to monitor its nuclear facilities.

A spokesman for Iran's Foreign Ministry said Tehran could reject the inspectors on the basis of their previous activities.

The official, Ramin Mahmanparast, was echoing comments by the nation's nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi, who noted Iran had accepted alternate inspectors provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Salehi was quoted as saying that two inspectors rejected by Iran had filed false reports on Iran's nuclear program.

A report released Monday by the IAEA said Iran's objections to certain inspectors are complicating efforts to investigate its nuclear program. The program is at the core of an international dispute over whether the activities have a military component.

_________________
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มนุษย์อยู่ร่วมในสังคมเดียวกัน โดยความคิดเห็นที่แตกต่างกัน ย่อมสร้างผลกระทบต่อสังคมได้ฉันนั้น

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